The captain responsible for navigation on the ship was Christopher Jones. We would call him a “captain” today. He probably had his quarters or living space at the back of the ship. It was the driest and most comfortable area of the ship. Ordinary sailors or regular workers had their quarters at the front of the ship or bowed in a room called the foredarm. The pre-glow or fo`c`sle was not a nice place to sleep or eat. It was constantly hit by the waves in one part of the ship, so it was always wet and cold. The sailors had to get used to the swaying and nodding of the ship, for it was here that it was strongest. In addition, most of the men went to the toilet on the head, which was at the top of the arch, so the birthday room was not very clean. Although Mayflower didn`t go down, some of these things actually happened! Mayflower was not picked up by pirates – the ship sailed on a northern route across the Atlantic to avoid them – but it was damaged by a bad storm halfway across America. The storm tore through one of the massive wooden beams that supported the ship`s frame. Fortunately, the passengers had brought a “big iron screw” that helped put the beam back in place so that the ship could continue.

In another storm, a young passenger, John Howland, was swept from the ship`s deck into the ocean! He was rescued because he grabbed one of the ship`s ropes (or lines) and was brought back to deck. The original document has not been preserved. He first appeared in Mourt`s Relation, a pamphlet about the first year of Plimoth`s colonization. In 1669, Plymouth city historian Nathaniel Morton printed the agreement in his book New England`s Memorial. Interestingly, he added a possible list of men who signed him, although the names of these men were not included in earlier copies of the Mayflower Compact. According to Morton, the document was signed by 41 of the male passengers — all but one of the free men, three of the five men hired, and two of the nine servants. After the establishment of the colony at Plymouth and the establishment of friendly relations between the Indians of the Wampanoag Confederacy, the pact served as a model for the peace treaty between the settlers and Chief Wampanoag Ousamequin (better known by its title Massasoit, l.c 1581-1661 n. It was intended to maintain a close and mutually beneficial relationship between the newcomers and native Americans until Massasoit`s death and the influx of other settlers from Massachusetts Bay. Colony that arrives more and more. The Mayflower Compact as a written agreement of the signatories “in the presence of God and the other, unites us and unites us into a civilian political body” (Pilgrim Hall Museum 2001). By signing the Mayflower Compact, pilgrims made covenants with God and with each other in the colony. John Winthrop (1630), the first governor of Massachusetts, pondered this concept in his sermon to other Puritans: however, members of the separatist community, as well as – it seems – a number of foreigners realized that they would not survive if they did not all work together for the common good.

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