In accordance with Chapter 5, an importer seeking preferential tariff treatment must retain certain legal documents, including import documents (including the certificate of origin that is the basis of the law); (2) all registrations necessary to prove that the goods originated; and (3) the information necessary to prove, if necessary, compliance with import rules. These materials must be kept for a period of at least five years from the date of import of the goods. The U.S. scales have columns called “General” and “Special,” in the Canadian tariff the corresponding columns are with “MFN tariff” and “applicable preferential rates.” If the phrase “free” mentioned in the “General/MFN” column is “free,” the rate of duty is zero. Mexico`s customs information site has a section that says “Tariff applies to other countries in the world.” If the sentence mentioned here is “ex,” the rate of duty is zero. All products classified under these sub-positions or customs numbers are exempt from customs duties and the NAFTA certificate of origin is not required. The commercial invoice can be used as long as it contains the nine pieces of data and the required certification declaration: who is responsible for determining whether the product is qualified under NAFTA and whether the certificate is saturated? From July 1, a new document will be required to continue using a flat-rate certificate of origin. Contact your FedEx Account Executive to start using a flat-rate certificate of origin or to arrange a replacement. There is currently no formal certification of the original USMCA, issued by the government or approved by the state. In accordance with the text of the agreement, all certifications must include a series of “minimum data elements.” On July 1, 2020, a new trade agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada will replace the 25-year-old North American Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Each participating country has its own name for this.
Where an importer has reason to believe that the certificate of origin is based on erroneous information that could affect the accuracy or validity of such a certificate, the importer must immediately correct the import document and pay the duties owed. If the importer takes such a measure immediately, it is not punished if it makes the false statement that was part of the import documentation.